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Wednesday, January 19, 2011

What is the significance of the date 2 June 1953?

In London a moment of historic pageantry was the famous Sherpa porter from Nepal. The London Times wrote:

‘Seldom since Francis Drake brought the Golden Hind to anchor in Plymouth Sound has a British explorer offered to his Sovereign such a tribute of glory as Colonel John Hunt and his men are able to lay at the feet of queen Elizabeth for her Coronation day. The Queen sent a message to the Everest expedition expressing her ‘warmest congratulations on (their) great achievement’.


Why was Africa the centre of the slave trade?

Trade in human slaves began in the earliest times and went on until the nineteenth century. But it was in the sixteenth century, after the discovery of America when the need grew for labour on the new plantations, that the slave trade began to increase. Its centre was Africa. Millions of slaves were transported from that continent. The British, French, Dutch, Portuguese and Spanish all engaged in the trade. There was also a trade by the Arabs across the Sahara and from East Africa to Asia. The Arabs had a long history of slavery, and their African traffic in human merchandise was only suppressed to wards the end of the nineteenth century. After the trade had been made illegal by western nations. Arab dealers in Africa continued to buy and sell people. They took them from the interior of Africa in caravans to the shores of the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. Some were sold at the coast but most were shipped on to Turkey, Arabia, Iran and other eastern lands. The biggest slave market in those days was in Zanzibar. In 1845 the British reached an agreement with the sultan of Zanzibar by which his territory ceased to be the centre of the traffic, but it persisted on the African mainland and was abolished only gradually.


What are mosaics?

A mosaic is a picture or pattern made by placing or fixing, small different-coloured pieces of stone or glass side by side.

The art was an invention of the Mediterranean peoples and flowered between c. 300-31 B.C. In the Roman period, or about the first five hundred years of the Christian era, mosaics of great beauty and variety were designed all over the empire spreading from Syria to Spain, and from Africa to Britain. The most brilliant mosaics in the world adorn walls and ceilings of sacred building in Rome, Ravenna and Salonika. Mosaics which have been discovered dating from the Pre-Christian eras were for the most part laid on the floor.